If you were involved in a rear-end auto accident, whiplash is a distinct possibility. It is actually an umbrella term used to describe several distinct types of soft tissue injuries to the neck that occur when the body is propelled forward at a high rate of speed. This propulsion can cause the neck to hyperextend and jerk forward and back in a whip-like motion.
Note that the word “whiplash” is no longer used by most personal injury attorneys, since it has been overused in fake or exaggerated claims. Now it is more common to name the specific injury that was sustained, such as cervical strain or hyperflexion injury. We will use the term here, though, to refer to all such similar injures.